Common Functions In String

functions-in-string
strcpy():
It is used to copy one string to another string. The content of the second string is copied to the
content of the first string.
Syntax:
strcpy (string 1, string 2);

Example:
char mystr[10];

mystr = “Hello”; // Error! Illegal !!! Because we are assigning the value to mystr which
is not possible in case of an string. We can only use “=” at declarations of C-String.

strcpy(mystr, “Hello”);
It sets value of mystr equal to “Hello”.
strcmp():

It is used to compare the cont
ents of the two strings. If any mismatch occurs then it results the
difference of ASCII values between the first occurrence of 2 different characters.

Syntax:
int strcmp(string 1, string 2);

Example:
char mystr_a[10] = “Hello”;
char mystr_b[10] = “Goodbye”;
– mystr_a == mystr_b; // NOT allowed!
The correct way is
if (strcmp(mystr_a, mystr_b ))
printf ("Strings are NOT the same.");
else
printf( "Strings are the same.");

Here it will check the ASCII value of H and G i.e, 72 and 71 and return the diference 1.

strcat():
It is used to concatenate i.e, combine the content of two strings.
Syntax:
strcat(string 1, string 2);

Example:
char fname[30]={“bob”};
char lname[]={“by”};
printf(“%s”, strcat(fname,lname));
Output:
bobby.

strlen():
It is used to return the length of a string.
Syntax:
int strlen(string);

Example:
char fname[30]={“bob”};
int length=strlen(fname);
It will return 3

strchr():
It is used to find a character in the string and returns the index of occurrence of the character for
the first time in the string.
Syntax:
strchr(cstr);

Example:
char mystr[] = "This is a simple string";
char pch = strchr(mystr,‘s’);
The output of pch is mystr[3]

strstr():
It is used to return the existence of one string inside another string and it results the starting index
of the string.
Syntax:
strstr(cstr1, cstr2);

Example:
Char mystr[]="This is a simple string";
char pch = strstr(mystr, “simple”);
here pch will point to mystr[10]

String input/output library functions

string-input-output-library-functions

 

NOTE: Character arrays are known as strings.

 
Try Now – Programming In C MCQs