Types of software licenses:
Proprietary license where the copyright stays with the producer and the user is
granted the right to use the software
GNU general Public licenses, which are agreements under which “open source”
software is usually licensed. It allows end users to change the source code, but the
changed code too, must also be made available under a GNU GPL license.
End user license agreement (EULA) indicates the terms under which the enduser may use the software.
Workstation licenses are licenses that permit the installation of an application on
a single computer. Before installing it on a different machine the software must be
removed from the first machine
Concurrent use licenses permit the installation of the software onto multiple
machines as long as the number of computers using the software at the same time
does not exceed the number of licenses purchased.
Site licenses permit the use of software on any computer at a specified site. Unlimited
site licenses allow the installation of the software on any number of computers as
long as those computers are located at the specified site.
Perpetual licenses come without an expiry date and allow the software to be used
Non-perpetual licenses “lease” the software for use for a specified period of time,
usually annually or sometimes bi-annually. Users are required to remove the
software from their computer if they cease paying the license fee.
License with Maintenance offer “maintenance” or “software assurance” along with
the original license fee.
Cyber law is a new branch of law and is growing very fast. It establishes norms of accepted
human behaviour in cyberspace. There are three basic building blocks of cyber law
- Netizens who are the inhabitants of the internet and
use it as an extension of their physical world
- Cyberspace which is a ‘man made machine world’
reshaping itself periodically.
- control the entry to cyberspace,
- provide access to cyberspace,
- create the hardware and software which unable people to
- access cyberspace or
- Use devices to go ‘online’ and enter cyberspace.
Laws governing ecommerce, online contracts, copyright, trademark, business software
patenting, eTaxation, eGovernance and cyber crimes all fall within the meaning and scope
of cyber law.