Introduction to Internet and WEB Technology MCQs offer a comprehensive set of multiple choice questions with answers designed to test your knowledge of the fundamental principles and concepts that underlie the world of web development and design. Whether you’re a beginner looking to solidify your understanding or a seasoned professional aiming to stay sharp, these MCQs cover a wide range of topics, from HTML and CSS to web technologies and best practices. Challenge yourself and expand your expertise in the dynamic and ever-evolving field of web fundamentals with these thought-provoking questions.These MCQs will help students in university exams,competitive exams and interviews preparation.
1. Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) standards are
- not universally available
- essential for B2B commerce
- not required for B2B commerce
- still being evolved
Yes, Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) standards play a crucial role in facilitating Business-to-Business (B2B) commerce. EDI is a structured electronic format for exchanging business documents between trading partners in a standardized and automated manner.
Here are some reasons why EDI standards are essential for B2B commerce:
1. Standardization: EDI standards provide a common language and format for exchanging business documents, such as purchase orders, invoices, shipping notices, and payment details. This standardization ensures that trading partners can easily understand and process the information, regardless of their internal systems or software.
2. Efficiency and Automation: EDI enables the automation of various business processes, eliminating manual tasks like data entry, document printing, and mailing. By electronically transmitting and automatically processing documents, EDI speeds up transaction cycles, reduces errors, and improves overall operational efficiency.
3. Cost Savings: Implementing EDI reduces costs associated with paper-based document handling, printing, postage, and manual data entry. It streamlines supply chain processes, reduces processing time, and enables faster order fulfillment, leading to cost savings for both buyers and suppliers.
4. Accuracy and Data Integrity: EDI eliminates the need for manual data entry, which can introduce errors and inconsistencies. With EDI, information is electronically exchanged between systems, reducing the risk of transcription errors and ensuring data integrity throughout the B2B transaction process.
5. Scalability and Growth: EDI standards provide a scalable solution that can accommodate the increasing volume of B2B transactions as businesses grow. EDI allows for seamless integration with internal systems, enabling companies to handle higher transaction volumes without significant manual effort.
6. Compliance and Security: EDI standards often include security protocols, such as encryption and authentication, to ensure the secure transmission of sensitive business data. Additionally, EDI standards may align with industry-specific regulations or requirements, enabling businesses to comply with trading partner mandates or government regulations.
Overall, EDI standards streamline B2B communication, improve efficiency, reduce costs, enhance accuracy, and facilitate seamless integration between trading partners. They form the backbone of electronic document exchange and enable businesses to conduct smooth and efficient commerce.
2. The main protocol for sending e-mail in the TCP/IP protocol suite is called _____
- none of the above
The main protocol for sending email in the TCP/IP protocol suite is called Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP). SMTP is an application layer protocol that enables the transmission of email messages between email servers. It is responsible for the routing and delivery of email across networks.
SMTP operates on Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) port number 25. It uses a client-server architecture where the sending email server acts as the client and the receiving email server acts as the server. The client initiates a connection to the server and delivers the email message, which is then relayed and forwarded to the recipient's email server.
SMTP provides a reliable and standardized method for email transmission, ensuring that messages are properly formatted, addressed, and delivered to the intended recipients. It also supports various features like authentication, encryption, and error handling to enhance the security and reliability of email communication.
In addition to SMTP, other protocols such as POP (Post Office Protocol) and IMAP (Internet Message Access Protocol) are used for retrieving email from email servers by email clients. However, SMTP is primarily responsible for the transfer of email messages between servers.
Learn more about : What is SMTP ?
3. By an extranet we mean
- an extra fast computer network
- the intranets of two co-operating organizations interconnected via a secure leased line
- an extra network used by an organization for higher reliability
- an extra connection to internet provided to co-operating organization
By an extranet, we mean a private network that is extended to external entities, such as customers, suppliers, partners, or other authorized individuals or organizations. It allows for secure and controlled communication, collaboration, and information sharing between the organization and its external stakeholders.
Learn more about : What is extranet ?
4. Electronic Data Interchange is necessary in
- B2C e-Commerce
- C2C e-Commerce
- B2B e-Commerce
- Commerce using internet
Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) is considered a crucial component in Business-to-Business (B2B) e-commerce. EDI enables the electronic exchange of business documents, such as purchase orders, invoices, shipping notices, and payment information, between trading partners in a standardized and automated manner.
Here are some reasons why EDI is necessary in B2B e-commerce:
1. Streamlined Communication: EDI replaces manual and paper-based processes with electronic data exchange, streamlining communication between trading partners. It eliminates the need for printing, mailing, and rekeying data, resulting in faster and more accurate document exchange.
2. Improved Efficiency: By automating document exchange, EDI reduces processing time and eliminates errors associated with manual data entry. This leads to improved operational efficiency and faster order fulfillment, benefiting both buyers and suppliers.
3. Cost Savings: Implementing EDI can result in significant cost savings for businesses. It reduces costs associated with paper-based document handling, printing, postage, and manual labor. Additionally, EDI reduces the occurrence of errors and delays, which can lead to costly rework or penalties.
4. Enhanced Accuracy: EDI minimizes the potential for human error that often occurs during manual data entry. The automated nature of EDI reduces the risk of transcription errors, missing or mismatched information, and other data-related inaccuracies.
5. Standardization and Compliance: EDI relies on established standards and formats, such as ANSI X12 and EDIFACT, ensuring consistency in document structure and content. This standardization facilitates seamless integration between different business systems and promotes interoperability among trading partners. Additionally, EDI can help businesses comply with industry-specific regulations and requirements.
6. Faster Transactions: With EDI, the exchange of business documents is expedited, allowing for faster transaction cycles. This can lead to improved customer satisfaction and competitive advantage in today's fast-paced business environment.
7. Scalability: EDI is scalable and adaptable to accommodate the growing volume of B2B transactions. It can handle large transaction volumes and support business expansion without significant manual effort.
While EDI is not the only method for B2B e-commerce, its adoption brings significant benefits in terms of efficiency, accuracy, cost savings, and compliance. It enables seamless electronic communication, facilitates process automation, and enhances overall operational effectiveness in B2B transactions.
5. To transfer an e-mail to a private network, we need to have a
- mail router
- mail gateway
- mail agent
- none of the above
To transfer an email to a private network, you may need to have a mail gateway or a mail transfer agent (MTA) in place.
A mail gateway is a server or software component that acts as an intermediary between different email systems or networks. It serves as a bridge, facilitating the transfer of email messages between different networks or domains. In the context of a private network, a mail gateway can help route email messages between the private network and external networks, such as the internet or other private networks.
The mail gateway receives incoming email messages from external networks and routes them to the appropriate mail server within the private network. It also handles outgoing email messages from the private network and delivers them to the intended recipients in external networks.
A mail gateway often performs functions like email filtering, spam detection, virus scanning, and security checks to ensure the integrity and safety of email communication. It may also handle tasks such as protocol translation, message format conversion, and addressing resolution between different email systems.
By deploying a mail gateway, organizations can control the flow of email traffic in and out of their private network, enhance security, and manage the exchange of email messages with external networks. The mail gateway acts as a point of entry and exit for email communication, allowing the private network to connect and interact with the broader email ecosystem.
Learn more about : what is mail gateway or a mail transfer agent (MTA)?
6. Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) requires
- representation of common business documents in computer readable forms
- data entry operators by receivers
- special value added networks
- special hardware at co-operating Business premises
Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) requires the following components and elements for its implementation:
1. Standards and Formats: EDI relies on established standards and formats for the structured exchange of business documents. Common standards include ANSI X12, EDIFACT, and XML. These standards define the syntax, data elements, and transaction sets for different types of business documents.
2. Translation Software: EDI translation software is used to convert business documents from the internal format used by a company's systems into the standardized EDI format, and vice versa. This software ensures compatibility and seamless communication between trading partners.
3. Communication Protocols: EDI requires communication protocols to transmit EDI messages securely and reliably over networks. Common protocols used in EDI communications include AS2 (Applicability Statement 2), FTP (File Transfer Protocol), and VANs (Value Added Networks).
4. Trading Partner Agreements: Successful EDI implementation involves establishing trading partner agreements or contracts. These agreements define the specific EDI standards, document types, communication protocols, security requirements, and other details that will be followed between the trading partners.
5. Secure Data Transmission: EDI transactions often involve sensitive and confidential business data. It is essential to ensure secure data transmission by implementing encryption, digital signatures, and secure communication protocols to protect data integrity and confidentiality.
6. EDI VAN or In-House Solution: Organizations can choose to implement EDI through a third-party provider known as an EDI Value Added Network (VAN). VANs act as intermediaries, facilitating the exchange of EDI messages between trading partners. Alternatively, companies can set up in-house EDI systems using their own hardware, software, and network infrastructure.
7. Mapping and Integration: EDI integration involves mapping the data elements of business documents between the internal systems of trading partners and the standardized EDI format. This mapping ensures that data is accurately translated and exchanged between systems.
8. Testing and Certification: Before conducting live EDI transactions, testing and certification processes are essential. Trading partners validate their EDI implementations, perform end-to-end testing, and ensure that the exchange of EDI messages is functioning correctly and reliably.
EDI requires coordination and collaboration between trading partners to establish a common framework for exchanging business documents electronically. By implementing EDI, organizations can streamline B2B communication, reduce manual effort, improve accuracy, and enhance the efficiency of their supply chain and business processes.
7. In SMTP, the entity that is used to prepare the message is called the ________
- none of the above
In SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol), the entity that is used to prepare the message is called the "Mail User Agent" (MUA) or "Mail Client." The MUA is the software or application that a user interacts with to compose, edit, and send email messages. It provides an interface for users to create and manage their email content, including entering recipient addresses, composing the message body, attaching files, and setting message options.
The MUA is responsible for collecting the user's email content and formatting it according to the SMTP protocol requirements. It communicates with the user's mail server or the outgoing mail server (SMTP server) to send the message. The MUA may also handle tasks such as organizing received messages, managing folders, and providing other features related to email management and communication.
Common examples of MUAs or mail clients include Microsoft Outlook, Gmail, Apple Mail, Mozilla Thunderbird, and many other desktop and web-based email clients. These applications provide users with a user-friendly interface to compose, send, receive, and manage their email messages, making the process of email communication more accessible and efficient.
8. World Wide Web
- is another name for internet
- world wide connection for computers
- a collection of linked information residing on computers connected by the internet
- a collection of world wide information
The World Wide Web (WWW), often referred to as the Web, is an information system of interconnected documents and resources linked by hyperlinks and URLs (Uniform Resource Locators). It is a global network of information accessible through the Internet.
Learn more about : What is World Wide Web?
9. In SMTP, the entity that is used to transfer the message is called the ________
- none of the above
In SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol), the entity that is used to transfer the message is called the "Mail Transfer Agent" (MTA). The MTA is responsible for relaying email messages from the sender's mail server to the recipient's mail server. It follows the SMTP protocol to establish a connection, transfer the email data, and handle any necessary routing and delivery tasks. The MTA acts as an intermediary between mail servers, ensuring that the email message reaches its intended destination.
10. In the destination e-mail address [email protected], _______ defines the local part of the destination
- none of the above
In the destination email address [email protected], the term "xxxx" represents the local part of the destination email address. The local part is the portion of the email address that comes before the "@" symbol. It typically identifies the recipient or the specific mailbox within the domain.